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General facts

On this page you can find a summary of the general facts about Switzerland to help you get an overview about the country - and of course, also some fun facts which not many know.

Did you know that Switzerland is one of only two countries in the world with a square flag?


about 8'000'000


Largest City
Zürich (400'000 inhabitants)

Religious denominations
Roman Catholic (46%)
Protestant (40%)
Others (14%)

Swiss franc, CHF

15'940 sq. mi. /41'285 sq. km

North-south 137 mi. / 220 km
East-west 216 mi. / 348 km

23, of which three are subdivided into half-cantons

Highest point
Dufour Peak in the Monte Rosa massif (Valais) 15'203 ft. / 4634 m

Lowest point
Lake Maggiore (Ticino) 633 ft. / 193 m


Switzerland is one of the countries in Europe with the most official languages. The national languages of Switzerland are German (central and north-eastern Switzerland), French (western Switzerland), Italian (southern Switzerland) and Rumantsch (south-eastern Switzerland). Many Swiss, particularly those who work with visitors in one way or another, speak several languages


Temperatures generally do not reach extremes of hot or cold. In the cities, summer temperatures seldom rise above 86°F/30°, and the humidity is rather moderate. In winter temperatures often fall below 32°F/0°C and there is snow and ice. The southern part of Switzerland has subtropical vegetation and a mild climate year-round.


Famous inventions

Pocket Knife by Kassio

  • Velcro
  • Cellophane (wrapping film)
  • Swiss Army Knife
  • Potato peeler
  • Muesli
  • Edible Chocolate Gold
  • Milk Chocolate
  • Instant Coffee

Fun facts

We have 208 Mountains over 13'123ft.  / 3'000m high

We have more than 1500 lakes

We produce half of the world’s luxury watches

CH” is an Abbreviation for “Confoederatio Helvetica”

Swiss Guide and Scout Movement

Speichergasse 31
3011 Bern

Tel. +41 31 328 05 45

PBS Logo Swiss Guide and Scout Movement

Pfadibewegung Schweiz (PBS)
Speichergasse 31
CH-3011 Bern

Tel.: +41 31 328 05 45  (phone numbers of the staff at the general secretariat)
Fax: +41 31 328 05 49

office hours: